All About Matter {Aligns with NGSS 2-PS1-1,2,3,and 4}

Grade Levels
2nd, 3rd
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Each of the 4 Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS) for Grade 2- “Structure and Properties of Matter” are addressed in this packet:
2-PS1-1: Plan and conduct an investigation to describe and classify different kinds of materials by their observable properties.
2-PS1-2: Analyze data obtained from testing different materials to determine which materials have the properties that are best suited for an intended purpose.
2-PS1-3: Make observations to construct an evidence-based account of how an object made of a small set of pieces can be disassembled and made into a new object.
2-PS1-4: Construct an argument with evidence that some changes caused by heating or cooling can be reversed and some cannot.

Make learning about matter fun! Activities 1 and 2 address the first standard – Plan and conduct an investigation to describe and classify different kinds of materials by their observable properties.
Activity 1: you will need water, ice, baking soda, vinegar, balloons. Have students examine the properties of matter, let them see what happens when baking soda is added to vinegar! Student worksheet provided.

Activity 2: -24 picture cards showing 8 solids, 8 liquids, 8 gases and work mats labeled “solids”, “liquids”, “gases” are provided. Have your kids work in groups to sort different types of matter. Student worksheet provided.

Activities 3 and 4 address the 2nd standard: Analyze data obtained from testing different materials to determine which materials have the properties that are best suited for an intended purpose. Material: 3 different types of paper towels; intended purpose: clean up spills without falling apart. Have your students run controlled experiments testing which paper towel is the best – the most expensive, the least or the one in between. For this activity you will need water and pennies. Strength and absorbency will be tested. Student worksheet provided.

Activity 5 addresses the 3rd standard: Make observations to construct an evidence-based account of how an object made of a small set of pieces can be disassembled and made into a new object. Everything we see is made of matter and matter can be broken down into smaller parts (atoms). To illustrate this at the elementary level, the NGSS recommend using Legos, building blocks – build a structure, disassemble it, then build another structure using the same parts. In case you don’t have blocks or Legos, I’ve included some rectangles you can print out – have your students use their imagination! What can they create using just small rectangular pieces of paper? Then have them disassemble and create something new! Middle school connection :all matter can be broken down into atoms and everything we see is made of the 100 or so atoms on the periodic table. Atoms can be rearranged to form new molecules.

Activity 6 addresses the 4th standard: Construct an argument with evidence that some changes caused by heating or cooling can be reversed and some cannot. Show students the 7 slides depicting matter in various states due to temperature differences. For every slide ask the following questions:
1. What state is the original object in - solid, liquid, gas?
2. How did it change state - through heating or cooling?
3. What is the new state of matter – solid, liquid, gas?
3. Is the change reversible?
Student worksheet provided.

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Total Pages
42
Answer Key
Included
Teaching Duration
N/A

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All About Matter {Aligns with NGSS 2-PS1-1,2,3,and 4}
All About Matter {Aligns with NGSS 2-PS1-1,2,3,and 4}
All About Matter {Aligns with NGSS 2-PS1-1,2,3,and 4}
All About Matter {Aligns with NGSS 2-PS1-1,2,3,and 4}