15 Favorite Lessons: WWI, WWII, 20s/30s, New Deal, FDR, Truman & More + Quizzes

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$20 PROMOTIONAL PRICE!
Individual lessons/activities in this "Early 20th Century" bundle are also available for $3.99 each in my TpT store. But purchasing all 15 here enables you to save $39.85---67%! To view all 150 lesson titles in this American History series covering the Age of Exploration to modern times, see last page of PREVIEW or visit my TpT store.

Lesson/Activity Titles:
121. The Spanish-American War
122. The United States and Latin America
123. The United States and the Pacific Region
124. The World War I Game
125. Woodrow Wilson
126. McKinley, Roosevelt, Taft, and Wilson
127. The Twenties and Thirties
128. The New Deal
129. Causes of World War II
130. World War II
131. Major Battles of World War II
132. Match Game: Franklin D. Roosevelt
133. Harding, Coolidge, Hoover, and Roosevelt
134. Harry S. Truman
135. The United Nations


Detailed descriptions of these lessons are provided below.

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Note to Fellow Educators
Although I am new to TpT, in addition to teaching, I have been publishing and selling reproducible social studies lessons to teachers across the United States for many years. Purchase these materials with confidence knowing they are high-quality and have been classroom-tested with my own students, as well as hundreds of thousands more nationwide. Please Follow Me and check back often as I continue to add more lessons from other programs covering Recent American History, Government, World History, Recent World History, Asia, Africa, and Latin America. Thanks, and all the best!

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OVERVIEW:
Supplement the textbook, eliminate prep time, and make social studies their favorite class with these 15 ready-to-use reproducible American history lessons focusing on key people and events of the early 20th century. Your students will enjoy a wide variety of high-interest activities for individuals, small groups, or the entire class. Most lessons can be finished in 1-2 class periods and include 3-5 activity sheets. Every lesson includes easy-to-follow Teacher Instructions with TIME, OBJECTIVE, and DIRECTIONS, along with an answer key and 20-question follow-up quiz, where applicable. The quizzes can be used to measure student progress or as homework assignments.

• critical thinking / thought questions
• reading comprehension
• map exercises
• graphs
• puzzles
• games
• contests
• illustrations
• follow-up quizzes
  and more...


LESSON 121: The Spanish-American War

OBJECTIVE:
To summarize the causes, major events, and results of the Spanish-American War.

TIME:
1 class period

Read through the lesson with the class. Have students do the mapwork at the end of each section.

I recommend providing colored pencils, if available. My students have always liked doing map exercises and using colored pencils adds to their enjoyment.

After completing the Map Exercise, for homework, students will read through a list of 20 events and determine whether each one happened before, during, or after the Spanish-American War.

The lesson concludes with two Thought Questions, which help develop critical thinking skills.

Easy-to-follow Teacher Instructions and answer key included, along with a 20-question follow up quiz to assess student progress. The quiz can also be given as a homework assignment.


LESSON 122: The United States and Latin America

OBJECTIVE:
To study the historical relationship between the United States and the countries of Latin America.

TIME:
1 class period

In this lesson, students will participate in a Contest by reading 50 sentences with information about the historical relationship between the United States and nations of Latin America. Letters of key words in these sentences have been scrambled. Class members need to rearrange the letters to form correct answers, and fill them in the spaces provided.

The sentences are organized into the following sections:

• From Isolationism to World Power
• Relations with Cuba
• Puerto Rico Becomes a U.S. Territory
• The United States Becomes Involved in Other Parts of Latin America
• Latin American Countries Resent American Interference
• Relations Improve Between the United States and Latin America

Set a time limit for the Contest. When the time elapses, have the students exchange papers. Read the answers. Where there are mistakes or omissions, the person marking the paper should fill in the correct word, name, or term. Determine which class members have the most right answers.

Following the Contest, there are four Review Questions. If time permits, students can begin working on these at the end of the class period and/or do as homework.

Easy-to-follow Teacher Instructions and answer key included, along with a 20-question follow up quiz to measure student progress. The quiz can also be given as a homework assignment.


LESSON 123: The United States and the Pacific Region

OBJECTIVE:
To show how and why the United States became involved in events taking place in the Pacific region during the late 1800s and early 1900s.

TIME:
1 class period

This lesson is a favorite activity for students who enjoy competition. It includes a unique Contest that gives information in sections entitled:

• Purchase of Alaska
• Annexation of the Hawaiian Islands
• Other Pacific Islands
• United States and the Far East

The class is divided into five teams. Play begins with students reading question 1, along with choices a, b, c, d, and e. Four of the five choices are correct answers. Four boxes at the end of the question must be filled in with the letters of answers which each team member believes are correct. Box 1 should be filled with the letter of the answer they think has the best chance of being correct. Box 2 is for the answer they think is the next best choice of those that remain. The same is done for boxes 3 and 4. Team members then put what they believe is the wrong answer inside of box 5. Team members cannot discuss their choices.

The teacher then collects one paper from a volunteer on each team, and writes their answers on the board. The four correct responses to question 1 are then announced. Points will be scored.

Complete Contest rules are provided on the lesson pages.

When the contest ends, students will answer multiple-choice, completion, matching, and true/false questions that review the lesson.

Easy-to-follow Teacher Instructions and answer key included, along with a 20-question follow up quiz to measure student progress. The quiz can also be given as a homework assignment.


LESSON 124: The World War I Game

OBJECTIVE:
To summarize the causes and major events of World War I.

TIME:
1 class period

Students begin by reading a summary of the causes and major events of the First World War. At the end of each section, class members do mapwork which helps to illustrate major events of the war. Information on these pages will be used later during the playing of THE WORLD WAR I GAME.

Next, have students re-read pages 124A-124B before starting THE WORLD WAR I GAME. The class is then divided into two teams.

Start the game by reading to the class the section Causes of World War I. Stop reading when you come to a word or name that is underlined. Players who think they know the missing word or name should raise their hand. If the first person to raise their hand answers correctly, their team scores 10 points. But if an incorrect answer is given, or the person does not respond immediately, the team loses 10 points. Someone from the other team then has a chance to answer. The game continues in the same way until all underlined words and names have been identified.

SPECIAL NOTE:
Expect excitement and intense competition in this lesson!

Easy-to-follow Teacher Instructions and answer key included, along with a 20-question follow up quiz to measure student progress. The quiz can also be given as a homework assignment.


LESSON 125: Woodrow Wilson

OBJECTIVE:
To summarize the presidential administration of Woodrow Wilson.

TIME:
1 class period

This lesson begins with a contest that includes 36 statements summarizing the life and times of Woodrow Wilson, the 28th President. As class members read each sentence, they must decide which word or phrase in parentheses correctly describes President Wilson and the United States during the early 1900s. After everyone has finished, have the students exchange papers. Read the answers, then determine which class members have made the most correct choices.

The contest is followed by 15 questions about the Woodrow Wilson administration that can be answered using information learned on the preceding pages.

The lesson concludes with a Thought Question asking students to rate the presidency of Woodrow Wilson on a scale of 1 to 10 and give specific information to support their answer. This helps develop critical thinking skills.

Easy-to-follow Teacher Instructions and answer key included, along with a 20-question follow up quiz to measure student progress. The quiz can also be given as a homework assignment.


LESSON 126: McKinley, Roosevelt, Taft, and Wilson

OBJECTIVE:
To review major domestic and foreign events which occurred between 1897 and 1921.

TIME:
1 class period

This lesson begins with students answering questions using a chart that contains information about the candidates and election results for the elections of 1896, 1900, 1904, 1908 and 1912. This can be done individually, in pairs, or with the entire class. Go over answers later in the period.

For homework, have class members read the summaries of the major events which occurred during the presidencies of William McKinley, Theodore Roosevelt, William H. Taft, and Woodrow Wilson, then answer the follow-up questions.

Easy-to-follow Teacher Instructions and answer key included, along with a 20-question follow up quiz to measure student progress.


LESSON 127: The Twenties and Thirties

OBJECTIVE:
To show the economic, social, and cultural differences between the decades of the 1920s and 1930s.

TIME:
1 class period

Begin by reading the introductory paragraphs with the class which contrast the 1920s and 1930s. Using this information, students will then read through a list of 50 events and decide whether each one occurred during the decade of the 20s or 30s. Go over the answers later in the period.

For homework, assign the section Economic, Social, and Cultural Differences. This involves a writing assignment where students must write 100 words or more describing how life was different in the United States during these two decades.

At the beginning of the next period, have several volunteers read their essays to the class.

Easy-to-follow Teacher Instructions and answer key included, along with a 20-question follow up quiz to measure student progress. The quiz can also be given as a homework assignment.


LESSON 128: The New Deal

OBJECTIVE:
To describe actions taken by the federal government to combat the Great Depression.

TIME:
1 class period

Students begin this activity by constructing three bar graphs that represent the gross national product, consumer spending, and unemployment rate between the years 1929 and 1937. The graph work helps to illustrate the economic decline and ensuing recovery during this time in American history.

Using the graphs, class members will then answer completion and true/false questions.

Next, read with the class the background information in the section entitled The New Deal. Students then read through twelve paragraph descriptions and must decide which law (Act) or government agency is being described. I go over number 1 with the class, then assign 2-12 for individual work. The students should see a relationship between each description and the name of a law or agency in the list.

The lesson concludes with a Thought Question asking students to decide which three New Deal actions, in their opinion, were of greatest importance. This helps develop critical thinking skills. You can then discuss their answers.

Easy-to-follow Teacher Instructions and answer key included, along with a 20-question follow up quiz to measure student progress. The quiz can also be given as a homework assignment.


LESSON 129: Causes of World War II

OBJECTIVE:
To understand how events in the 1920s and 1930s led to the outbreak of the Second World War.

TIME:
2 and 1/2 class periods

In this activity, students will pretend it is September 1941 and they are Franklin D. Roosevelt. World War II has been raging in Europe for two years. The United States has not yet entered the war, choosing instead to remain neutral.

The many German victories particularly worry Americans, who wonder what might happen if all of Europe is conquered. Some people fear that Germany might then attack the United States.

Each student (pretending to be President Franklin D. Roosevelt) has just concluded an emergency meeting with Cabinet members, and has decided to make a major radio address to the nation. Class members will write a 4-part speech based on information on a timeline that summarizes important world events between 1919 and 1941.

The speech criteria are as follows:

(1) A description of steps taken to keep peace in the world during the years following World War I.
(2) Reasons why World War II began.
(3) A description of the present war situation after two years of fighting.
(4) The student's decision whether or not the United States should enter the war at this time (September 1941), including reasons for their decision.

Help the class get started. Give class members the rest of the period to work on their speeches. I ask my students to complete the introductory paragraph and part 1 by the next class period.

Students can then continue with parts 2-4 of their speeches on the second day. The assignment should be finished by Day 3. At that time, you can ask one or two volunteers to read their speeches to the class.

Complete Teacher Instructions are included, along with a 20-question follow up quiz to measure student progress. The quiz can also be given as a homework assignment.


LESSON 130: World War II

OBJECTIVE:
To provide an overview of the major events of the Second World War.

TIME:
1 class period

In this lesson, students have an opportunity to compare their decision-making skills with those of some of the key figures who influenced the course of World War II. Class members decide what they would have done if they had been in the position of such people as General Dwight D. Eisenhower or President Harry S. Truman during the war years.

Read through the lesson with the class. After each question, have students circle the letter (a, b, or c) of the action they would have taken at the time of World War II. For example, question #2 discusses the attack on Pearl Harbor and asks students to pretend they are a member of Congress who must decide the best way to increase the manpower of the U.S. army, navy, air force, and marines. For each question, ask a few students to give a reason for their choice. Then announce the decision that was actually made. Point out that the decisions made were not always the ones that should have been made, given historical hindsight.

Some of the questions require students to look at maps of Europe and the Pacific region. The maps show that while the Allies were trying to push back German and Italian armies in Europe, another campaign was taking place in the Pacific against Japan.

The lesson concludes with a fun Contest where students must fill in the missing letters of important words, names, and terms in order to complete sentences describing events of World War II.

Easy-to-follow Teacher Instructions and answer key included, along with a 20-question follow up quiz to measure student progress. The quiz can also be given as a homework assignment.


LESSON 131: Major Battles of World War II

OBJECTIVE:
To review the most important military campaigns of the Second World War.

TIME:
2 class periods

You can begin this lesson by reading with the class the section Axis Powers Make Early Gains: 1939-1941. Then, have students do numbers 1-9 of the mapwork.

Continue in the same way with all other sections:

• America Enters the War: 1941
• Allies Defeat the Axis Powers in North Africa and Europe: 1941-1945
• United States Defeats Japan in the Pacific Region: 1942-1945

As class members make their way through this activity, they will be working on two maps. The first, on page 131E, is entitled World War II in Europe and North Africa. The second, on page 131F, is entitled World War II in the Pacific Region

My students always like doing this information-filled map exercise, and I provide them with colored pencils to make it even more enjoyable.

Teacher Instructions and answer key included, along with a 20-question follow up quiz to measure student progress. The quiz can also be given as a homework assignment.


LESSON 132: Match Game: Franklin D. Roosevelt

OBJECTIVE:
To study the life of Franklin D. Roosevelt and the times in which he lived.

TIME:
1 class period

Each row in class becomes a team during the playing of the MATCH GAME. Rows may need to be rearranged so that each has about the same number of people.

Students read question 1 and then read answers a, b, and c. All three choices give correct information about Franklin D. Roosevelt’s life. Class members must circle the answer that they believe best answers the question. They cannot discuss answers with teammates.

The teacher next asks the members of Team 1 to raise their hands and signify how many chose a, how many chose b, and how many chose c. Whatever answer was chosen most, the number of team members that chose it will equal the number of points Team 1 scores in the first round. For example, if b was chosen most, with three persons choosing it, Team 1 scores three points.

The other teams will then be asked for their choices in question 1, and points will be scored accordingly. This will end round 1. Rounds 2-10 will be played in the same way.

If one or more teams has one less player than the other teams, then the choice made by the first person in the row will always count twice.

The team with the most points at the end of round 10 wins the game.

By the end of the period, students have learned many important facts about President Franklin D. Roosevelt, such as how he helped the United States recover from the Great Depression by proposing a variety of New Deal programs. They will also learn how he led the United States during World War II against Germany, Italy, and Japan.

Teacher Instructions are included, along with a 20-question follow up quiz to assess student progress. The quiz can also be given as a homework assignment.


LESSON 133: Harding, Coolidge, Hoover, and Roosevelt

OBJECTIVE:
To review major events which occurred during the administrations of Warren G. Harding, Calvin Coolidge, Herbert Hoover, and Franklin D. Roosevelt.

TIME:
1 class period

The activity begins with students working on chart questions, either individually, in pairs, or with the entire class. The chart contains information about the candidates and election results for the elections of 1920, 1924, 1928, 1932, 1936, 1940, and 1944.

Class members then read summaries of the major events which occurred during the presidencies of Warren G. Harding, Calvin Coolidge, Herbert Hoover, and Franklin D. Roosevelt. Students' ability to recall information about these Presidents will help them complete the Crossword Puzzle that follows. I have my students underline or highlight key words, names, terms, and ideas in the chronology of events.

SPECIAL NOTE:
For crossword puzzles, I give the kids the option of working individually or joining their desks with one other class member to work in pairs, which is very popular among my students.

Easy-to-follow Teacher Instructions and answer key included, along with a 20-question follow up quiz to measure student progress. The quiz can also be given as a homework assignment.


LESSON 134: Harry S. Truman

OBJECTIVE:
To become familiar with the people and events involved in the establishment of the first permanent English settlement in America.

TIME:
1 class period

Students will read a story about the Jamestown Settlement. Afterwards, the stories will be collected by the teacher from each class member.

The students will then be given a different version of the story about Jamestown. This version is different in that many key words, names, and terms are missing. Each class member will try to fill in the spaces with the missing words, names, and terms that correctly complete the sentences. Students can find the correct answers in a list that is provided.

ACTIVITY OPTIONS:
This lesson can be turned into a fun contest between individual class members, or pairs, to see who can come up with the most correct answers by the end of the period. You can also turn this into a game by dividing the class into two teams that will take turns trying to identify the correct answers as you read through the story with them.

Easy-to-follow Teacher Instructions and answer key included.


LESSON 135: The United Nations

OBJECTIVE:
To become familiar with the basic organization and work of the United Nations.

TIME:
1 class period

Begin by dividing the class into groups of 3 or 4 students. Each group will try to unscramble the key words in a series of 45 sentences pertaining to the United Nations. Set a time limit of 30 minutes.

As soon as each team finishes, a copy of that group’s answer sheet is given to the teacher. At the end of the allotted time, teams that have not finished should also give one copy of their answers to the teacher. These answer sheets will then be exchanged among the groups, and correct answers are announced.

The team with the most correct answers wins the game. If two or more teams are tied, then the team that submitted its answer sheets first is the winner. If none of the teams that are tied finished during the 30-minute time period, then the teams involved are each declared winners.

As they read through and complete the sentences during the playing of the game, students will learn about:

• Founding of the United Nations
• United Nations Charter
• Organization of the United Nations
• UN Agencies
• Keeping the Peace
• The UN in Action
• Visiting UN Headquarters

Easy-to-follow Teacher Instructions and answer key included, along with a 20-question follow up quiz to measure student progress. The quiz can also be given as a homework assignment.
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15 Favorite Lessons: WWI, WWII, 20s/30s, New Deal, FDR, Tr
15 Favorite Lessons: WWI, WWII, 20s/30s, New Deal, FDR, Tr
15 Favorite Lessons: WWI, WWII, 20s/30s, New Deal, FDR, Tr
15 Favorite Lessons: WWI, WWII, 20s/30s, New Deal, FDR, Tr
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