1920s to 1950s women's Rights

1920s to 1950s women's Rights
1920s to 1950s women's Rights
1920s to 1950s women's Rights
1920s to 1950s women's Rights
1920s to 1950s women's Rights
1920s to 1950s women's Rights
1920s to 1950s women's Rights
1920s to 1950s women's Rights
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48 MB|49 pages
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1. Cannot discriminate based on sex

2. The New Woman-
a. The Flapper
i. Cut hair, short dresses, smoked, drank, earned own money, Danced!
ii. Called – b/c noise un-tied shoes made as they walked
b. Sexual exploration
c. Entered Sports
2. Volstead Act
a. Stop sale/ consumption of Alcohol 1919-1933
b. Stop immigration
c. Stop casual sex and improve morality
d. 18th Amendment – Prohibits Alcohol

3. Equal Rights Amendment – ERA
a. “Men and women shall have equal rights throughout the United States and every place subject to its jurisdiction”
b. First introduced to Congress in 1923
c. Made all forms of discrimination based on sex illegal
d. Never Passed in Congress
4. Margaret Sanger- The Rebel Woman
a. Background
i. “Mother of Contraceptive movement”
ii. Mother- pregnant 18 times; 7 miscarriages & was a nurse
iii. Believed women control own births and families ability to survive
iv. Wanted to help the poor and sick
b. 1921 founded American Birth Control League (ABL) – Today = Planned Parenthood
b. 1923 Est. Clinical Research Bureau- First Birth control Clinic
c. Women – control own bodies & now were educated about existing birth control methods
d. 1936- Supreme Court decision declassified birth control information as Obscene (US. Vs. One Package of Japanese Pessaries)

5. Scopes Monkey Trial
a. 1925 when John Thomas Scopes violated a Tennessee state law by teaching evolution in high school
b. Scopes was prosecuted by William Jennings Bryan and defended by Clarence Darrow
c. Scopes was convicted but the verdict was later reversed
d. Increased conservatism in the Country
6. Adkine Vs. Children’s Hospital
a. Supreme Court decided that a minimum wage for women violated the right to freedom of contract
7. Women’s Bureau of the Department of Labor
a. Gather information about the situation of women at work, and to advocate for changes it found were needed
b. Many suffragists became actively involved with lobbying for legislation to protect women workers from abuse and unsafe conditions
8. “Pink Collared” Jobs
a. Taste of the work world
b. Low paying services occupations
c. Made less $ than men, did same jobs
i. Example of jobs: Secretaries, teachers, telephone operators, nurses
d. “feminine Fields” publicized image in 1920s
i. Reality most middle class married women and stayed at home w/ kids
9. 1928 Olympics
a. Women allowed compete
b. Controversial b/c “injurious to women”
10. Education
a. 1928- 39% college degrees given in the US (originally at beginning of c. was 19%)
b. Zora Neale Hurston-“Their Eyes were Watching God”
i. Book about race and being a women. Women are equal to men and experience of woman in racist/ prejudice community

What changes Occurred from/ with women from 1900’s-1920?

What conflicts occurred?

1. Watch the clip- what were some problems of the Era?

2. The Great Depression
a. FDR Attempted to equalize pay for women and men couldn’t get enforces
b. Eleanor Roosevelt = role model
c. Francis Perkins first female cabinet member

3. Working Women
a. Did little to alter
b. 1930 census ~11 million (24.3% employed)
c. 3/10 domestic/ personal jobs

4. Barriers in Factory/ clerical jobs
a. 20% were in canning factories.
b. Some who were elementary and high school teachers, found men displacing them for higher pay
c. In 1939 the median salary of a male teacher was $1,953 a year, while female teachers received only $1,394.
d. 1932 to 1937 it was illegal for more than one member of a family to hold a federal civil service job
e. ½ of all black working women lost their jobs in the 1930s
f. But, at the end of the 1930s 38% of all black women were employed compared with 24% of all white women… this is because of black women, both married and unmarried had always been more likely to work than a white women
g. For feminists, Depression years were a time of frustration… end of National Woman’s Party
h. Domestic Violence
i. Tension of this arrangement visible in sharp rise in domestic violence reports.
ii. •As domestic violence epidemic is noted by government agencies
iii. .•Women are officially told that domestic violence is the result of men’s depression and women’s lack of sympathy.
iv. •Women are advised to return home and make their men feel more like men.
5. Homemaker Heroes
a. Women in 1930s came up with remarkable ways to keep families afloat
b. They helped their families get by on less and maximized every opportunity to save money.
c. For example, they bought yesterday's bread, which was cheaper and used old fabric or blankets to line old coats.
d. Women cut up adult clothing to fit their children and came up with many similar ideas to save money.


7. Amelia Earhart
a. 1928 flew over the Atlantic Ocean
b. 1930 flew solo over the Atlantic
c. 1937 lost trying to fly around the world

8. Role Model: Eleanor Roosevelt
a. Starting from 1919, volunteered at St. Elizabeth Hospital to visit the veterans from WWI.
b. started teaching history and government at to girls
c. defied segregation laws in Birmingham, Alabama
d. When she sat between the whites and blacks at a Southern Conference for Human Welfare.
e. Arranged for Marian Anderson (an African American singer of the time) to sing at the Lincoln Memorial on Easter Sunday.
f. In 1933, a year after FDR was elected president, she became the first lady ever to hold all female press conferences.
g. In 1934, She assists in the formation of the National Youth Administration
h. For make an anti-lynching legislation.
i. When the war broke out in Europe toured the South Pacific to boost the soldier’s morale, influenced the Army Nurse Corps let black women join in.
j. 1941 became part of the NAACP board of directors.
k. Her husband died in April that year of 1945.
l. Returned to a cottage at his Hyde Park estate. “The story is over” she told the reporters.
m. 1946 elected as the head of United Nation’s Human Rights Commission, when she began drafting the Declaration of Human Rights.
n. Spokesperson of the UN- creating the Americans for Democratic Action group.
o. In 1948, she made her famous speech called “The Struggles for the Rights of Man” during a meeting of the UN General Assembly in Paris. She also threatened Truman her resignation if he failed to recognize the newly formed state of Israel. That December, her drafted The Human Rights Declaration was passed by the UN.
p. 4 years however, she resigns from the UN.
q. After the Civil Rights Act was passed by Congress in 1957, she spoke at a Civil Rights Workshop at a high school in Tennessee despite threats from the KKK.
r. She supported John F Kennedy’s campaign when he ran for presidency.
s. And he re-appointed her to the UN and also the Chair of the President’s Commission on the Status of Women.
t. She kept up with her active career until her death in November 7th, 1972 where she was then buried next to her husband in Hyde Park.
1. Rosie Riveter
2. Women in Military
3. Still did Traditional jobs
4. What does Eleanor Roosevelt advice? (Video Clip) Write down as many things about jobs, race, class, etc.


What changes Occurred from/ with women from 1900’s-1920?

What conflicts occurred?

Task: Write a letter to your grandmother asking her questions and reflecting on her life from when she lived from the 20’s to the 40’s be sure to mention as many of the bulleted topics from our notes and vocabulary list. Title the letter to grandma something like a book (example: someone last year’s Title was “Grandma you hussy” another’s was “From Riches to Rags” and another was “Proud that there is a movie called Grandma’s Boy”. We will be sharing these letters in class. Humor always helps 

Next: Write a heart filled obituary for Ms. Eleanor Roosevelt. In doing so describe her family background, her life as first lady, her life after first lady, give her a “funky-nick name”, and talk about how she changed life for those living during the Great Depression. Obituaries are usually no more than 10 sentences so you are going to have to condense information
Total Pages
49 pages
Answer Key
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