Hey SLPs! Provide phonological treatment more efficiently by using complexity principles. Treating 3 element consonant clusters results in greater system-wide change compared to treating singletons.
If you've tried targeting 3-element clusters before, you'll know that materials are hard to come by due to the lower number of imageable words that begin with each cluster.
This pack includes flashcards for words beginning with /skr/, /skw/, /spl/, /spr/, /str/, plus 6 games (with variations) and 1 craft. These activities aim to maximize productions of whichever 3-element cluster you are targeting.
3 Element Cluster Flashcards
Flashcards containing the most imageable words beginning with the following 3-element clusters:
/str/: 12 cards, 11 words
/skr/: 6 cards, 6 words
/spr/: 6 cards, 6 words
/spl/: 6 cards, 4 words
/skw/: 6 cards, 6 words
Includes 1 game: Scrubby Scrub Scrub
Includes 1 game: Squeak or Squawk
Includes 2 games with multiple variations: SPLAT! and Sea Animal Splash
Includes 1 craft and 1 game with variations: Sprinkles and Cupcake Craft
Includes 1 game with an individual and group version: Strange Monsters
(Remember that 3 element clusters are only appropriate if the 2nd and 3rd consonants of the cluster are in the student's phonemic inventory. )
Read more about using the complexity approach:
Gierut, J.A. & Champion, A.H. (2001). Syllable onsets II: Three-element clusters in phonological treatment. Journal of Speech, Language and Hearing Research, 44, 886 -904
Gierut, J.A. (2007). Phonological complexity and language learnability. American Journal of Speech- Language Pathology, 16, 6 – 17.
Gierut, J. (2001). Complexity in phonological treatment: Clinical factors. Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, 32, 229-241.