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Acquire and use accurately grade-appropriate general academic and domain-specific words and phrases, including those that signal precise actions, emotions, or states of being (e.g., quizzed, whined, stammered) and that are basic to a particular topic (e.g., wildlife, conservation, and endangered when discussing animal preservation).
Demonstrate understanding of words by relating them to their opposites (antonyms) and to words with similar but not identical meanings (synonyms).
Recognize and explain the meaning of common idioms, adages, and proverbs.
Explain the meaning of simple similes and metaphors (e.g., as pretty as a picture) in context.
Demonstrate understanding of figurative language, word relationships, and nuances in word meanings.