When teaching English as a Second Language, this handout identifies grammatical patterns in the English language. When using this handout as a resource/guide, students begin to recognize grammatical constants, such as Subject + Verb. Initially, this grammar concepts are introduced using grammatical categories such as Who/What, Verbs, Adjectives, Where. Later, students can progress to advanced grammatical categories, such as Noun, Subject, Verb, Object, Prepositional Phrases. Look for these items in Black and White model as well.