My first year Spanish students were often confused with the meaning of “usted”. I realized that the traditional grouping of the pronouns on the chart could lead to confusion, with “usted” always being grouped with “él” and “ella”. I started to group “usted” with “tú”, while labeling the chart singular/plural, and 1st, 2nd, and 3rd person. This grouping enables the students to recognize “usted” as meaning “you” (talking to someone using the 2nd person).
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