I have extensive knowledge and training on Canada's history as it pertains to the Indigenous Peoples of Canada. One of my greatest passions as a teacher is getting to teach the content you will find in this package. I believe it is crucial to learn about our history so that we can understand our present, and the biggest tool we have in fighting racism and ignorance comes in the form of educating and informing. I have developed this package with this goal in mind.
Over 40 slides, this package includes background information needed to teach students the significant periods in Canadian history, dating back to the time before the European settlers came to Canada to present day. The content is broken down in such a way that teachers can teach directly from each information page (displaying each slide as you teach). There are pictures and YouTube video links to support parts of the timeline and I have included pictures of projects to give you a better idea of how you can use this information for projects.
Students will learn what Canada was like before the European's made contact, how European contact affected the Indigenous Peoples, and how Canada evolved over the centuries after contact.
The periods included are: Pre-contact era (before arrival of Europeans), Contact era (French and English arrive), Fur-trade, Treaties, Assimilation (Christian missionaries, Indian Act, Residential schools, Sixies Scoop), Truth and Reconciliation, to Present day.
I recommend using the information in these slides to create a dedicated bulletin board to display timeline, where students add symbols to the different era’s as the content is taught. For example, teach students about the Pre-contact period, then have them create a symbol (suggestions/examples included throughout teacher notes), to visually represent that that era.
*An alternative to creating a bulletin board display is to have students make their own timeline on a piece of paper and add to it themselves each time an era is taught.
*Another alternative is to do timeline as a school-wide project: Assign each class a time period. That class becomes the “expert” in their area and makes a bulletin board to represent the time they were assigned. Have a representative from each class represent a summary of their era, then invite each class to tour the school and take a ‘journey’ through Canada’s history.
Curricular outcomes include but are not limited to:
Grade 4 Social Studies:
IN4.1 Analyze how First Nations and Métis people have shaped and continue to shape Saskatchewan.
DR4.2 Explain the relationship of First Nations and Métis peoples with the land.
DR4.3 Analyze the implications of the Treaty relationship in Saskatchewan.
Grade 5 Social Studies:
IN5.1 Demonstrate an understanding of the Aboriginal heritage of Canada.
IN5.2 Analyze the evolution of Canada as a multicultural nation.
DR5.3 Identify the European influence on pre-confederation Canadian society.
PA5.3 Develop an understanding of the nature of the treaty relationship between First Nations and Canada's federal government.
Grade 6 Social Studies:
IN6.4 Explore aspects of cultural change over time, including:
reasons for cultural change
examples of cultural change
how cultural change affects youth
how youth respond to cultural change
PA6.3 Explore examples and explain how people, such as ethnic minority groups, the disabled, youth, and the elderly, may be affected by injustice or abuses of power.
Grade 7 Social Studies:
RW7.1Explain the role of barter, trade, and sharing in traditional economies in Canada and the circumpolar and Pacific Rim countries.
RW7.2 Investigate the influence of resources upon economic conditions of peoples in circumpolar and Pacific Rim countries.
Grade 8 Social Studies:
IN8.1 Investigate the meaning of culture and the origins of Canadian cultural diversity.
IN8.2 Appraise the influence of immigration as a factor in Canadian cultural diversity.
DR8.2 Describe the influence of the treaty relationship on Canadian identity.
DR8.3 Assess how historical events in Canada have affected the present Canadian identity
PA8.2Examine the role of power and authority in the application of diverse decision-making processes in a variety of contexts.
PA8.3 Present the evolution of a piece of legislation, from its first conception to its implementation.
Grade 9 Social Studies:
IN9.4 Determine the influence of worldview on the choices, decisions, and
interactions in a society.
PA9.2 Analyze the impact of empire-building and territorial expansion on indigenous populations and other groups in the societies studied.