The phrase learning preference is used to describe a student’s strategies for receiving, processing and retrieving information based on strengths, weakness and preferences. Below please find a description of the four most common learning preferences.
Visual Learner: Learners who prefer this learning style most often learn by using pictures, graphs, concept maps, grids, and other visual representations of new information. These students may need to convert traditional notes to concept maps. They may find it easier to organize written assignments using maps rather than traditional outlines.
Auditory Learner: Learners who prefer this learning style most often learn by hearing the new information. A predominantly auditory learner will prefer reading aloud, especially when reading difficult text. Oftentimes auditory learners have success with expressing themselves orally, rather than in writing.
Kinesthetic Learner: Learners who prefer this learning style most often learn by using their whole body: sight, smell, touch and movement. They tend to learn best by participating in hands-on activities that may be applied to real-life situation. The key objectives are being able to move, touch and do.
Reading/Writing Learner: Learners who prefer this learning style most often learn by reading and writing. To remember new information they must see it written down, be able to rewrite the information and then be able to read the information aloud. These steps are then repeated to transfer the new material to long-term memory.
Summary: Many students have more than one learning preference. One may be more predominant than another or others.