This is the fourth lesson in the Experimental Design Unit. In this lesson students will explain what is possible and not possible to infer about a statistical study. They will decide if it is possible to make generalizations about a whole population and whether or not cause and effect can be established based on sample data. This lesson is set up to have the teacher lead the students through the note-taking process while incorporating examples for the students to try. The answer key is provided with the pages numbered. Homework will be added shortly at no additional cost to those who purchase before. I will also be making videos that take the student through the lesson for those that flip their classroom or for absent students. A SMART notebook file is included for the teacher to fill in with the class.