What is the state’s role in developing the economy? (Day 1)
Students work collaboratively to compare the roles that the state, ideology, and historical developments played in the development of North and South Korea’s economies after World War II until the 1980s. During the activity, students construct evidence-based interpretations using North and South Korean sources, culminating in a thesis statement and contextualization.
This activity is designed to engage students in historical thinking as they compare sources from pre-assigned homework describing the state’s role in developing the North and South Korean economies. Each was shaped by a common past and both were set at odds during the Cold War. Students—working in collaborative pairs—will use evidence to answer questions based on their interpretation of documents, backed with evidence from one or more of the documents. Students will identify similarities and differences based on how they cooperatively answered the question. Students will use their homework, outside evidence, and collaborative work to explain, individually, the similarities and differences. At the end of class, students will construct a historical context and write a thesis statement that answers the Long Essay Question (LEQ) prompt:
After 1900, the role of the state in the domestic economy varied. New institutions of global associations emerged and continued to develop throughout the century. Develop an argument that evaluates the extent to which the governments of North and South Korea differed in developing their economies.