1. Elicit the meaning of the present continuous via sentences about the environment.
2. Review stare in the present and imperfect tenses. Discuss how to form the gerund. Draw pupils' attention to irregular gerunds.
3. Practise using the present continuous to invent excuses.
4. Transform infinitives into the past continuous to tell a story of betrayal!
5. Explore the use of the gerund by itself
6. Look at how the gerund can be used to replace a clause in Italian.