►LOS ADJETIVOS---VARIAS LECCIONES DIFERENTES
Over the 30 years that I taught, I developed many lessons that involved some aspect of dealing with adjectives—perhaps I should say “a kinder, gentler way to understand gender and number.” Rather than post these lessons separately, I am combining them. The lessons were not designed to be used together, so there is no certain order in which to use them. You as the teacher can study them to see when it would be most appropriate for your students. The last lesson was a big hit with my 4th and 5th grade classes and with my HS students too.
►LOS CUATRO RINCONES DE LA MENTE
The title refers to the fact that in Spanish (French, Italian, etc.) the mind is divided into four quadrants. Once we know which corner (gender/number) a noun is in, then all descriptive words must be in the same corner. Keep in mind that this type of activity should only be done after many interactive, contextualized lessons that casually introduce the concept that nouns and adjectives always “match.” The main idea should be presented as described in the LONG explanation that comes with the kit. Briefly, this involves assigning PHYSICAL LOCATIONS to the concepts. You label the 4 corners of the room with the definite and indefinite articles. On the ceiling in the middle of the classroom you put the neutral English articles A-AN/THE/SOME, indicating that our nouns and adjectives are not required to have “agreement” of gender and number. In the introduction visuals there is more information on making the experience “physical” and real.
Based on the different access that teachers might have to color printing, or even color paper, I made 3 versions of these 81/2 x 11 sheets that you will see in the samples provided in the visual introductions provided. So you can print them in color, or in black on white paper and color-code them yourself, or you can print black on pink and light blue paper. It will make sense when you see it.
►ARTÍCULOS DEFINIDOS E INDEFINIDOS
Using color and location, we create a physical map for the abstract concept of having to “match” adjectives to nouns based on singular/plural and masculine/feminine. It is a simple explanation, not going in to great detail, just trying to get across a concept that is confusing to English-speakers. “Rewiring” the brain to deal with these 4 corners of the mind.
►PRÁCTICA DE LOS ADJETIVOS POWERPOINT LESSON #1 WITH HELP
This lesson is a series of 5 groups of 4 sentences. In each case, only one word in each sentence is revealed. That word establishes the correct corner for that sentence. Just do it, and it will make sense to you.
►PRÁCTICA DE LOS ADJETIVOS POWERPOINT LESSON #2 WITHOUT HELP
This lesson is a series of 8 groups of 4 sentences. The 5 groups from LESSON #1 are repeated but the groups are not in the same order. Then 3 more groups are added with minimal help. In these 3 groups the noun being modified is an object. By setting up the structure in the same way, they rarely question things like: How can a man’s tie be a feminine word?? They just match things as they did with the people descriptions.
►I just found an ancient lesson idea, updated it a bit and added it to this kit. HANDS-ON activities are out of style, but they work.
►ADJETIVOS Y PRONOMBRES DEMOSTRATIVOS PPT
The concept of the three degrees of location is explained. In English we have a word for
HERE and THERE, we had to create a phrase for OVER THERE. (In Texas YONDER)
The logic and lack of logic of the system is explained. AND the ruling of the Royal Academy in 2010 is explained. We no longer have to put accents on demonstrative pronouns.
►ADJETIVOS COMPARATIVOS Y SUPERATIVOS
This lesson is not language-specific. It is often used in ESL classes. Some French teachers I know have used it also. Give each of the 3 people a name. I don’t print the names on the masters because, what if my name just happened to be on the person who is the fattest? It would hurt my feelings. With the basketball guys, you don’t need names, since you have their numbers.
El basquetbolista número tres es alto;
número cinco es más alto;
número doce es el más alto de todos.
►ADJETIVOS CONCRETOS FUN LESSON
Meant to be silly, this lesson uses images as mnemonic devices so that students “see” what the word means based on how it is presented. It is also a great “lead-in” to projects in which students select a word and present it in a way that the meaning is obvious. Example: CORRER with all letters with legs, each letter appears to be running. One year a boy decided to eat a hamburger in enough different places to cut each letter of the word from the sack that showed the logo. He sacrificed greatly to spell HAMBURGUESA—11 fast-food hamburgers. That is an easy word to learn, probably it wasn’t worth the trouble and expense, but it was an amazing work of art!!
Pam Kaatz --La Anciana Venerable