This is a high-difficulty reading comprehension activity designed for middle school. The passage selected, ÃƒÂ¢Ã¯Â¿Â½Ã¯Â¿Â½Blood, Toil, Tears, and Sweat: Address to ParliamentÃƒÂ¢Ã¯Â¿Â½Ã¯Â¿Â½ by Winston Churchill, is on the suggested reading list created by the Common Core State Standards for English Language Arts & Literacy in History/Social Studies. The lexile measure is 1190L and the word count is 688.
This reading comprehension activity can be completed in two 50 minute class periods.
1)PRE-TEST: Have students complete a ÃƒÂ¢Ã¯Â¿Â½Ã¯Â¿Â½coldÃƒÂ¢Ã¯Â¿Â½Ã¯Â¿Â½ reading of the passage individually and answer the 10 multiple choice questions as best they can.
2)PARAPHRASING ACTIVITY: The teacher can begin by providing a brief introduction to World War II and Winston Churchill by reading the introductions below from Wikipedia. Then, put students into pairs and ask them to paraphrase each paragraph in their own words.
1)COMPREHENSION CHECK: Following the order of the speech, the teacher will ask random pairs to come up. One person can write their paraphrase on the board for a paragraph, while the other explains the meaning aloud. The teacher can check for comprehension as each paragraph is summarized. Students who paraphrased incorrectly should make corrections on their papers.
2)POST-TEST: Students will now take the entire test, including the multiple choice and short answer sections. On the short answer sections, remind students that their answers should be based only on the content from the speech, not their own personal opinions or knowledge of history.
ANSWER KEYS FOR BOTH THE READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS AND PARAPHRASING EXERCISE ARE INCLUDED!!!