The activities for addition & subtraction you find in this product are implemented with a particular process in mind. Addition and subtraction will be introduced in the following sequence: first, in a concrete phase, next in a pictorial phase, and last in an abstract phase (more symbols than other visuals)
The concrete printables make great task cards. They can be laminated and used year after year. All you need are manipulative little leaves. I've used metallic "confetti" leaves, foam craft leaves, mosaic tile leaves, cut out sticker leaves, and just small squares or circles of construction paper.
The pictorial pages are coloring/writing activities in which the students will demonstrate the different combinations for sums to 9
(addition) and subtracting from 9 or less(subtraction
The abstract pages represent addition and subtraction symbolically.
There are no manipulatives or visuals-only numbers are used.
The "work' is presented incrementally, with lots of practice which is far from boring. Mastery CAN be achieved!