Empower your students to master the higher addition facts. Build long-term retention and fluency. Students progress through the concrete, representational, abstract stages of learning. Extra support and scaffolding for struggling learners.
Unlike other lessons that begin with concrete materials and jump to abstract worksheets, this pack offers materials that bridge the concrete and abstract stages of learning. The representational stage is the missing piece that many students need to abandon finger counting and adopt efficient thinking strategies.
Teach the Make a Ten strategy for the +9, +8 and +7 addition facts in whole group or small group. Great for intervention, tutoring, homeschool and homework. Not only do the lessons support students, but also provide support for the instructor with visual models and sample language.
Pack includes many options for use in the classroom or at home.
*5 hands-on lessons that build conceptual understanding
*1 ten frame manipulation mat (counters not included)
*2 differentiated strategy templates to be placed in a heavy duty plastic sheet
protector “sleeve” and used with traditional flash cards (plastic sheet protector not
included) (traditional flash cards not included)
*32 large tri-fold cards for whole group instruction (print cards on cardstock;
cards require cutting and folding; store cards in a 4x6 plastic index box)
*32 small tri-fold cards for individual use and games (print cards on cardstock;
cards require cutting and folding; store cards in a 3x5 plastic index box)
*parent note detailing Make a Ten strategy
*card game directions
*3 differentiated worksheets with answer keys
To be successful with the Make a Ten strategy, students first need to be fluent with the following facts and concepts:
*Sums of 10 (9+1, 8+2, 7+3)
*Mentally count back -1, -2, -3
*10 as an addend to make teen numbers (10 + ___)
*Understand that the 1 in a teen number represents 1 ten, which is the same as 10
Additional Materials Needed (not included in pack):
*Large dry erase board / black, red and blue dry erase markers
*Heavy duty plastic sheet protector “sleeve” for each student to hold templates
*Dry erase marker for each student
*Traditional flash cards +9, +8, +7 facts
*Individual dry erase board for each student or paper/pencil
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Make a Ten Strategy:
Make a Ten is a strategy used with higher addition facts when adding 9 + ___,
8 + ___ and 7 + ___. It is based on number relationships and reasoning, which encourage more complex mathematical thinking. The Make a Ten strategy uses the relationship of 10 as a bridge to learn the higher facts. As students reason through this strategy, they eventually commit the facts to memory. When teaching math strategies, it is important to progress from concrete to representational to abstract. Fact mastery is a developmental process.
The lessons progress through the concrete, representational and abstract stages. The pacing of the lessons will depend on your students. Stay at each stage as long as necessary. Do not progress too quickly through the lessons. Remember that mathematical thinking develops at different rates for each student. Use the ten-frame manipulation mat with counters, Make a Ten templates and tri-fold cards to scaffold support and differentiate instruction.
Although your lessons do not need to be scripted, sample language is provided in the lessons. It is important for the students to use mathematical language as they build their conceptual understanding of the strategy.