Fables are stories that teach a lesson. They feature animals or things in nature that behave like people. Fables are imaginary but they include things that are true to life. The theme of a fable is the underlying meaning or lesson that the author is trying to convey to the reader. Good readers should think about the events that happen in the story (plot)and what the story is mostly about (main idea) to figure out the lesson we can learn(theme) by reading a fable. Its important for students to understand the that fables are rooted in the origins of ancient storytelling. Oral story telling was a way for ancient people all over the world to pass on their histories and understandings of the world. Stories were also used to teach young children about good and bad ways of behavior. Fables are a fun way to teach kids values in a way that they can understand.
Students will be asked to read each of the Aesop Fables. As they read, they should pay close attention to the characters, their traits, setting and moral/lesson in each of the stories. They will need to fill in the chart to collect the data on each of the fables. They will then use the data to answer questions about the fables.
Common Core Content Standards:
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.3.1 - Ask and answer questions to demonstrate understanding of a text, referring explicitly to the text as the basis for the answers.
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.3.2 - Recount stories, including fables, folktales, and myths from diverse cultures; determine the central message, lesson, or moral and explain how it is conveyed through key details in the text.
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.3.3 - Describe characters in a story (e.g., their traits, motivations, or feelings) and explain how their actions contribute to the sequence of events.
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.3.4 - Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, distinguishing literal from nonliteral language.
The following fables are included:
The Ant and the Grasshopper
The Fox and the Crow
The Bear and the Two Travelers
The Stag at the River
The Lion, the Bear, and the Fox
The Hare and the Tortoise
The Fox and the Grapes
The Shepherd’s Boy and the Wolf
The Ant and the Dove
The Dog and His Reflection
Town Mouse and the Country Mouse
The Peacock and the Crane
The Hares and the Frogs