The presentation provides an overview of some of Europe's most famous absolute rulers and introduces students to the social, political, and economic conditions that helped rulers gain their absolute powers. Topics include Machiavelli, Russia's Ivan IV (The Terrible), St. Basil's Cathedral, Russia's Time of Troubles, the Romanov Dynasty, Peter the Great, Sweden's Charles XI and XII, France's Louis XIII, Cardinal Richelieu, Louis XIV, and Versailles. There are a few review slides that allow teachers to assess real-time learning and discussion questions at the end that are great for classroom discussion or writing assignments. View the presentation's "notes" section for extra information to gain a clearer understanding of the subject matter and to discuss with students will they are copying the slides.