Present History traces the causes for European exploration in the sixteenth century and the consequences of that exploration. This world-history unit includes a thinking map that organizes the causes, a presentation on the growth and development of the Transatlantic slave trade, and a stations activity that teaches students to analyze the causes and effects of the age of exploration. These stations include a journal of Columbus, a map of European voyages, a reading on gunpowder empires, a reading on the emergence of a new global economy and the effects of mercantilist beliefs, a reading on the significance of European trade in Southeast Asia, a reading on China's turning from foreign trade under the Ming and Qing, a reading on Japan in the age of exploration, and a chart that shows the Columbian Exchange. Vocabulary for this unit includes Glory, God, Gold, Mesoamerica, small pox, global economy, middle merchant class, gunpowder nations, spice trade, balance of trade, mercantilism, Columbian Exchange, cash crops, natural immunity, Middle Passage, Peculiar Institution, and demographic shift. Essential questions include: What was happening in Europe that led to the Age of Exploration? What do you think was the most important cause of European exploration? What effect do you think exploration had on the political and economic power of Europe? Define mercantilism. What factors stimulated the new global economy? What was the relationship between European nations and the new peoples they encountered during exploration? What methods did European nations use to control the areas they colonized? What effects did colonization have on the colonized nations? What were the causes of the Transatlantic slave trade? What effects did the Transatlantic slave trade have on the continent of Africa? The notes and reading guide to this presentation can be searched as "Age of Exploration Notes and Reading Guide" and will be listed as a free activity. Search "Age of Exploration Flip Card Review" for a study tool to this unit.