19th Century American Art History Presentation ~ 185 Slides ~ 1900
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This is a very complete, highly visual and thoroughly annotated presentation on 19th Century American art history.
I have included 20 actual slides in the pdf preview. This gives you the best idea of what this total product is like.
"Excerpt 1: Bullet Points in Summary of 19th Century American Art"
~got off the ground with the Hudson River School in 1820 with painter Thomas Cole leading the way.
~Albert Bierstadt, Frederic Edwin Church, Thomas Doughty and others followed Cole, with Church becoming one of the top painters of the century.
~these artists often focused on subjects unique to America, such as its westward expansion into the magnificent frontier landscapes.
~The Hudson River School inspired spin-off movements, notably the Tonalists and the Luminists.
~Independently, John James Audubon, an ornithologist, became a top naturalist artist with his “Birds of America,” (1827–1839).
~American folk art got a major push forward with Edward Hicks, a Quaker. He became an iconic figure to the Quakers first because of his paintings.
~As the West opened, artists explored its unique subjects. There were Fredrick Remington, and Charles M. Russell, who portrayed the images of the Old West which have since been popularized in film and other media. George Catlin went in the reverse direction, by painting the tribal people.
~George Caleb Bingham covered the same territory as Mark Twain did in literature, the Mississippi River and its river boat life.
~Besides Church, the two other major American painters of the century were Winslow Homer and Thomas Eakins.
~Homer depicted American life outside of its cities. Eakins painted middle-class city life with unflinching honesty. Eakins also took as his student an African American painter, Henry Ossawa Tanner.
~Although Homer was discovered during his own time, Eakins and his student took longer because the sentimental romanticism of the era worked against their subject matters.
~Some other American painters spent significant time in Europe for various reasons. These long stays brought Impressionism into their art works.
~Mary Cassatt was accepted by the French Impressionists, which was a big lure for her. John Singer Sargent’s mother had a breakdown over his siblings’ untimely deaths. They handled her condition by going abroad (a popular way of treating psychiatric conditions back then.)
Childe Hassam reversed the French process by creating American Impressionism.
~historical happenings in America were only sparingly covered by these artists. Winslow Homer created a few master works from the American Civil War.
~19th century American art, as one wit put it, could barely be given away for many decades. Nor did colleges want to teach it as its romanticism was embarrassing to many.
~Some smart investors began buying it though. Over time, the market for it began heating up so that in modern times it is sold for large sums, collected privately and by museums and taught in the colleges.