This intro activity gives students the opportunity to match 26 slang words from the Civil War era to their modern equivalents. For the kids this is a fun "how would I speak in 1860" activity, i.e. sawbones instead of doctor, hornets instead of bullets, Arkansas toothpick instead of knife, hospital rats instead of people faking being sick, etc.
The kids always end up making a competition out of it. The group that gets the most right gets 5 extra points on their next assignment, the group that comes in second gets 4, the group that comes in 3rd gets 3 extra points, and everyone else (IF they put forth a good natured effort) gets 1 extra point (but they don't know about all that till the end). The answer key is on the second page.
Consider some of my other Civil War and Reconstruction items:
Civil War and Reconstruction