This is a 20 slide, highly animated, power point presentation on The American Revolutionary War - African Americans in the Revolutionary Period. Each of the slides are editable so you can modify the slides to the presentation as you need to.
Bringing slaves from Africa and the West Indies had made settlement of the New World possible and highly profitable. During the American Revolution, there were 450,000 enslaved African Americans in the 13 colonies. As hostilities between England and the United States grew, both sides were unsure of where the loyalty of the slave would lie.
The British governor of VA, Lord Dunmore, In November 1775, he issued a proclamation promising freedom to any slave of a rebel who could make it to the British lines. Dunmore also organized an “Ethiopian” brigade of about 300 African Americans, who saw action at the Battle of Great Bridge on December 9, 1775.
In Colonial America, the use of African Americans as soldiers, whether freemen or slaves, was avoided by Congress and General George Washington early in the war. Washington allowed the enlistment of free blacks with “prior military experience” in January 1776, and extended the enlistment terms to all free blacks in January 1777, to help fill the depleted ranks of the Continental Army.
The first all-black regiment to form was the First Rhode Island which mustered into service in July 1778, with 197 free black men. The regiment received its baptism of fire at the Battle of Rhode Island (Newport) on August 29, 1778, successfully defeating 3 assaults by veteran Hessian troops. It later fought at the Battle of Yorktown attacking redoubt number 10.
In the MA State Archives is a petition to the General Court of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, stating that in the “late Battle at Charlestown,” a man from Colonel Frye’s Regiment. A man named Salem Poor, “behaved like an experienced officer” and that in this man “centers a brave and gallant soldier.”
This document, dated in December 1775, just 6 months after the Battle of Bunker Hill, is signed by 14 officers who were present at the battle, including Colonel William Prescott. Of the 2,400 to 4,000 colonists who participated in the battle, no other man is singled out in this manner.
The presentation covers the following:
Number of Black Soldiers
The First Rhode Island
Yorktown & Disband
Colonial Attitudes Persist
Salem Poor, Patriot Hero
Salem Poor’s Bio
End of Presentation
This is one of many power point presentations I offer in my store on ….The American Revolutionary War.