Included in this file is an entire cooperative learning activity which is great to invite an administrator in to observe. The students are in small groups and each group receives a reading (there are three readings - Ghana, Mali, Songhai) it examines the different aspects of each civilization. Students must work together to create a poster (on chart paper with markers) showing the key aspects of the civilization and using the guidelines sheet and rubric to create it. First they read and make notes on the civilization, then assign roles and create the poster - a sample poster is shown to the students as an example (image of a sample is included for teachers to replicate for students as a model). Once students have read, completed their note taking section and made their poster - students will then get a graphic organizer to complete analyzing the other posters to learn from other students about each others civilizations - completed posters should be hung around the room and you should have two of each poster which will allow students to learn from their fellow classmates. Teacher can check posters and collect the graphic organizer as a formative assessment or check in. Rubric for grading the poster is included.