In this lesson, students will compare the beliefs about death and the afterlife of two ancient civilizations. For the ancient mesopotamian perspective, students will read a passage from Epic of Gilgamesh in which Enkidu has a vision of the afterlife. The ancient-Egyptian (Nile River Valley Civ.) perspective comes from a description of their mythology adapted from the Boston Museum of Science. Students will use these descriptions to explain how perspectives about death are shaped by the culture of the living, as well as draw our similarities and potential differences between these civilizations.