This PowerPoint can be used on a unit of Ancient Rome. Below is the outline of the Ppt slides.
Divided into infantry and cavalry
Every citizen had to serve for 10 years
Divided into smaller groups of 80 men called a century
Roman Power Grows
Roman power grew slowly and steadily
Eventually conquered all of Italy
The Defeated People
Rome was lenient to the people they conquered
They were allowed to be full citizens if they lived on the Tiber
Those who lived further away had citizenship but could not vote.
City- State of Carthage
The Punic Wars
Eventually Rome and Carthage began to fight over trade in the Mediterranean Sea
They fought 3 battles
The First Punic War264 BC-241 BC
Fought over Sicily for 23 years
This was Rome’s first province
The Second Punic War218 BC – 202 BC
Carthage was led by HANNIBAL a brilliant general.
He used 50,000 men, 9,000 cavalry and 60 elephants.
To surprise Rome he went through the Alps
The Second Punic War
For 15 years, Hannibal moved across Italy dominating
Finally a Roman general name SCIPIO defeated Hannibal.
The Third Punic War149 BC -146 BC
Cato an influential senator reminded them of the terror Hannibal laid on Italy.
By this time, Carthage was no longer a threat.
Romans destroy Carthage and sold all of Carthaginians into slavery!
Rome In Control
Victory in the Punic Wars gave Rome control of the Mediterranean
Mare Nostrum or “Our Sea”
Julius Caesar, the dictator
Ambitious military commander
Conquest of Gaul
Secret crossing of the Rubicon River
“Veni, vedi, vici”
Forced Senate to make him a dictator for life
ASSASSINATION OF CAESAR
Caesar’s enemies worried he would make himself king of Rome and be too powerful
Plot against him to save the Republic
44 BC killed by Brutus and Cassius in the Senate
SUMMARIZE THE IMPORTANCE AND IMPACT THE PUNIC WARS HAD ON ROMAN SOCIETY
(AT LEAST 5 SENTENCES)