This hands-on activity, based on Virginia's SOL standards on Archaeology and Cactus Hill, has students think critically about what early settlements leave behind!
Detailed lesson plan and handouts included.
Brief Lesson Summary:
1. Prep - Before class, the teacher needs to have 7+ brown paper bags. In these bags, place random items that could represent artifacts from an old civilization/settlement. Items I used in my classroom included: Fishing Hook, Glove, Netting (I also included leaves, though these aren't really artifacts!).
2. Activity - Give each student group a paper bag and corresponding worksheet. Students work together to answer questions regarding items in the bag. Then, students have to decide what the mysterious settlement of "Patagonia" must have been like, based upon the items!
3. Notes - Students fill in notes, defining archaeology, artifacts, and Cactus Hill, the oldest archaeological site in North America.
4. Wrap-Up - Students complete fill-in-blank paragraph about the lesson.