# Area Model of Multiplication with Grids and Rectangles

Subject
Resource Type
Common Core Standards
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11 MB|24 pages of student work
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Product Description
The area model is a great place value-based way for students to learn and comprehend multi-digit multiplication. Starting with 1 by 2-digit problems, these activities proceed to 1 by 3-digit problems, and then to 2 by 2-digit and 2 by 3-digit.

As you can see, we start with decomposing the factors and multiplying them separately. Each type of problem is related to two other methods of multiplication: the partial products method, and the standard algorithm.

This is the great strength of the area model: it allows us to clarify how the standard algorithm works. We as teachers love to say about multiple ways of doing a problem, “It’s the same thing, it’s just done in a different order.” Well, the area model really brings that out about the different ways of multiplying multi-digit numbers, in a way that is visible and clear to students.

Common Core Standards:

4.OA.5: “Multiply a whole number of up to four digits by a one-digit whole number, and multiply two two-digit numbers, using strategies based on place value and the properties of operations. Illustrate and explain the calculation by using equations, rectangular arrays, and/or area models.”

Subject: Math, Computation,

Length/Duration: 24 pages of student work beginning with 1 by 2-digit problems

A Smart Notebook 14 file is also included.

Total Pages
24 pages of student work
Included
Teaching Duration
3 days
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