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This is a handout that briefly covers the basic elements of an argumentative essay or speech, including the claim, concessions (or counter-claims or counter-arguments), refutations, evidence, and the call to action.
Beyond the basic elements, the handout offers three potential organizational approaches for the students, and includes a sample essay that highlights the various components described in the text of the article.
The article is written for high school students, but middle grade teachers could also use this with some scaffolding.