Teaching argumentative writing is tricky! Students have usually already been introduced to persuasive writing so they have a foundation. Now, you need to help them differentiate between persuasive and argumentative writing... because they are different!
The Argumentative Writing Map will guide you and your students through the process of writing an argumentative essay. With this visual map, students can see the flow and relationship between each part of their essay. First in the intro paragraph: the hook grabs the reader's attention, and the claim states their stand on the topic (this is their thesis statement). Then student's develop their main reasons to structure each of their body paragraphs. Specific details and examples fill each of the body paragraphs with evidence to further support their claim.
The main difference between persuasive and argumentative writing is the verb at hand. Is the writer persuading or arguing? When persuading, you use personal statements and examples, using "I think" and "I believe" statements. In contrast, argumentative writing never uses "I." The writer states what they believe to be the only valid opinion in a claim. In argumentative, the writer is proclaiming the "correct" viewpoint. The goal is to argue that their point is the only logical and valid stance. In persuasive, the writer is using emotion and connections to the reader to persuade their thinking.
Persuasive- "I think students should be able to bring cell phones to school because..."
Argumentative- "Students should be able to bring cell phones to school..."
**Simply download and print. Let me know if you need any modifications!
Check out my Informative Writing Map