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Art Nouveau, Free Poster
Arts and Crafts Movement
Art Nouveau 1890-1910 was an international movement. A unique aspect to it was its being more pronounced in the the decorative arts and architecture instead of painting and sculpture. Thus this was an egalitarian art movement.
Art Nouveau means "New Art" in French but English speaking countries use the French, calling it Art Nouveau. This was a modern art movement. People were given a chance to embrace organic and geometric forms instead of the Victorian Era’s heavy, overdone and cumbersome objects. Flowing, natural forms and angular, sleeker contours became an incredibly appealing aesthetic to them. The principle became: function of an object should dictate its form.
Art Nouveau & Graphic Art: Mass-produced graphics were a significant aspect of the Art Nouveau Movement. Paris-based Czech artist Alphonse Mucha was the initial and key person with his very appealing posters. His posters soon brought other artists into the same realm and their Art Nouveau works were painted, drawn, and printed in the popular formats of advertisements, posters, labels, and magazines.
Glass Art was another big part of the movement. Louis Comfort Tiffany in New York became as one with “the Tiffany Lamp.” But his studio’s work was so much more than just the lamps. Émile Gallé and the Daum brothers became known for their glass vases and bowls. René Lalique got his start in Art Nouveau and continued on into Art Deco with his glass creations.
In Jewelry,Art Nouveau was characterized by a move away from gemstones. Instead nature became the inspiration. Enameling, opals and semi-precious stones began to be used as jewelry materials.
In Ceramics, vegetal and zoological motifs were used. Japanese art was a major influence. High temperature (grand feu) porcelain was very popular. Lost techniques were rediscovered, such as the oxblood glaze. The Zsolnay family in Hungary innovated with porcelain made of eosin.