Arts & Crafts Movement ~ Art History ~ William Morris et al ~ 175 Slides
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This is a powerpoint presentation about Arts and Crafts Movement, led by William Morris in London, England, and his followers, in the UK, America, and later Japan. To best assess this presentation, download the preview, which contains 20 actual slides. This listing contains a text excerpt, below. In all, there are 175 slides.
TEXT EXCERPT No. 1:
Any discussion of the Arts & Crafts movement must always begin with William Morris. He was so formative to the movement that it would never have taken place without him.
Morris went to Oxford with Edward Burne-Jones. They both intended on becoming ministers. However, they met Gabriel Dante Rossetti and the rest of the Pre-Raphaelite artists. They were so bowled over that they changed their life path so as to both became artists.
The two men remained life long friends and sometime collaborators. Burne-Jones became a leading painter while Morris single handedly led the Arts & Crafts movement in England.
Morris gave up painting so that he could pursue design. He could design just about anything. His myriad textile designs, his furniture and stained glass windows are well known.
Morris believed that industrialization was an alienating and dehumanizing process. His goal was to unite the arts for the decoration of the home with simple forms echoing nature. This was to reverse alienation and dehumanization.
His Arts and Crafts movement did not promote a particular style. He stuck with his overall goal: as machines replaced workers, the Arts and Crafts movement advanced the handmade and the designer as craftsman.
Ordinarily someone this industrious and driven would be an entrepreneurial capitalist. William Morris, however, was a radical socialist, who wanted his work to be enjoyed by ordinary people.
This was not even Morris’s sole field. He was also a published writer.
The movement spread to America but the American Arts and Crafts movement did not embrace Morris’s socialism. The American movement remained otherwise linked to the British movement and William Morris.
Like most movements, this one waned over time, especially as the cities and use of technology rose. Handmade Arts and Crafts movements are frequently revived throughout time because of the societal need to counter alienation and dehumanization of people.
One realization Morris did not achieve was making art for the common man per his socialist ideals. However, he achieved the overall goal of its trickling down to the middle class person.
Morris was like a fashion designer who creates the couture line. Couture is very expensive and has the best materials and hand work. But it trickles down to the middle by others who use it to make their own variations of it to sell in the market place.
Today many of us live like Morris wanted us to live. We have made our homes comfortable havens and we are dressed comfortably within them, enjoying them. Around us at least in part are objects that we’ve bought in art galleries, art fairs, craft shows and the like. Or we’ve even made those objects ourselves.
Throughout the 1980s, we had a substantial revival of arts and crafts. Computers were just emerging for the consumers’ homes at that time. The phrase used then to explain the need for handmade items was, “High Tech & Soft Touch.” Morris would have loved that tag line. He certainly would have been inspired to create a whole new line to make sure the computer didn’t alienate and dehumanize us.
TEXT EXCERPT No. 2:
The Arts and Crafts movement was the inspiration behind the American Craftsman and Bungalow styles, constructed between 1900 and 1930. This was an American aspect to the movement and it did not occur in the other countries.
Bungalows and Craftsman homes are popular again. They went out of style for awhile after WWII when the casual ranch became King of Housing.
These are the common features of these homes:
built of natural materials
with many built-in features, such as light fixtures and cabinets.
dominant fireplace in the living room with large exterior chimney.
front porches with stone porch supports.
beams are often exposed.
rejection of small, boxy Victorian style rooms.
and adoption of open floor plan