Although Athens is widely-known as the birthplace of democracy, in reality it was much less democratic than our modern society. The premise of the lesson is that students will act out democracy by voting on various classroom issues, However, students are assigned roles representing the various social classes in Ancient Athens. Only those assigned as "free, native-born men" are allowed a vote. They may also assign other students in the class to complete a short assignment for them. The lesson ends with a reflection on ways in which America is not as truly democratic as we often believe.