A timeline showing the progression of convict colonisation in Australia.
Print this poster out on A3 or larger. Refer to it when learning about Australian settlers and convicts.
Information on poster includes:
1788 – The First Fleet arrived at Botany Bay. After further inspection by Captain Arthur Phillip, it was found that the location was unsuitable as a penal colony because the harbour was unsafe and the area lacked fresh water.
Captain Arthur Phillip and the First Fleet disembarked at Port Jackson along with 751
convicts and their children and 252 marines and their families.
1790 – 1791 - Two more convict fleets arrived.
1793 – The first free settlers arrived. The Colony of New South Wales was officially a penal colony comprising of mainly convicts, soldiers and the wives of soldiers.
From 1810 – Convicts were seen as a source of labour and they were used to build roads, bridges and public buildings. Convicts also worked for free settlers and small land holders.
Mid 1800′s – The early convicts were all sent to the colony, but by the mid-1800s they were also being sent directly to destinations such as Norfolk Island, Van Diemen’s Land, Port Macquarie and Moreton Bay.
1821 – The majority of the colony’s population were convicts. There were a growing number of freed convicts who were appointed to positions of responsibility and being given land to farm.
1868 – By the time the last shipment of convicts disembarked in Western Australia, 162,000 men and women had been transported to Australia as convicts on 806 ships. The population of Australia stood at around one million.