A poster outlining the voting process in Australia.
Voting is an integral part of a successful democracy, where all eligible citizens participate equally.
* Australian elections are conducted in secret using paper ballots.
* These paper ballots list the candidates running for election.
* In most cases, voters number the candidates on the ballot paper in the order of their preference. This is called preferential voting.
*Our electoral system utilises both preferential voting and proportional representation.
* Proportional representation systems were devised to produce ‘proportional’ election results. Ideally, 50 per cent of the vote should win about 50 percent of the seats.
* Every Australian citizen over the age of 18 has the right to vote.