This unit provides an overview to the ancient American civilizations of the Olmec, Zapotec, and Mayan. Then, the focus of the unit, the Aztecs is highlighted through primary and secondary source readings. The PowerPoint lecture includes guided notes for the students and review quizzes. Questions 1-5 of the quiz is to be given after covering the Olmec, Zapotec, and Mayan as a short lecture review. Then, the second part of the quiz should be administered after covering the Aztecs through the readings (1st) and the lecture (2nd). The readings are accompanied with guided reading questions. The final assessment for the unit is a day's lesson that has students answer the essential question in a paragraph format. The lesson previews the format using sample paragraphs (both strong and weak) and then the students are to create their own paragraph. Students have a lot of fun with this mini-unit and the assessments allow teachers to assess student learning throughout the entire process.