Backward Design is a method of designing educational curriculum by setting goals before choosing instructional methods and forms of assessment. Backward design of curriculum typically involves determining three stages. Each stage can be approached as a whole or is also separated into sub headings.
Stage 1: Desired Results (understandings, essential questions, knowledge and skills)
Stage 2: Evidence (summative, formative, reflective)
Stage 3: Learning Experiences (activities, resources)
One of the defining moments in my understanding of planning effective curriculum was when I came across the concept of 'backward design' or 'understanding by design'. I have been using this methodology when planning and delivering all content throughout my curriculum and as a result have those 'ah ha' moments of student clarify occur on a daily basis. Yay!