This lesson helps students gain a better understanding of how banks work and how land buying can create a bank panic. One group of students will act as bankers, one group as consumers, and one group as land sellers. This simulation starts with students depositing money in the bank. Then, some students will purchase land. The land purchase money will be presented to the US Treasury to pay US debts and not reenter the banks. Then, when land purchasers have to repay their loans, they begin to try and sell land to consumers. Because the bank has lent much of its money, consumers soon are unable to withdraw funds to buy the land so that the original land buyers can pay their debts. Other consumers are unable to get their money once the bank closes. An exit slip helps you check for student understanding at the end. Thanks for your interest.