A great READING resource with QUESTIONS and ANSWER KEY included! It focuses on the topic of key battles of Spanish-American War.
Included are 1 page reading, 1 page question sheet and 1 page answer key! Perfect for homework assignments, classwork or reading for test review! Can be used for both middle and high school level.
The reading first provides a brief overview on why the United States declared war on Spain. This involved the sudden explosion of U.S.S. Maine, an American battleship, and the alleged involvement of Spain. Due to the media’s accusations towards Spain, the American public pressured President McKinley to declare war. Next, the reading focuses on other reasons why the United States went to war. For instance, Americans sympathized with Cuban revolutionaries in resisting colonial control over their economic, political and social way of life. Another reason includes humanitarian concerns as Cuban revolutionaries were inhumanely treated in reconcentration camps. The reading also explains how President McKinley persuaded Congress to approve the intervention in the Cuban Revolution. This consists of ending Spain’s inhumane treatment towards Cubans, protecting American economic investments in Cuba, restoring peace to Cuba due to its close proximity to U.S. and protecting Americans who lives in Cuba. It also mentions how the Teller Amendment promised Cubans the United States would not take over political control and only interested in helping achieve independence.
The next section focuses on the various battles of the Spanish-American War. This includes the Battle of Manila Bay in the Philippines. It explains how Theodore Roosevelt ordered the invasion of the Philippines. Although located thousands of miles away from Cuba, it was a colony of Spain and strategically located in the Pacific Ocean. The reading further elaborates on how Commodore George Dewey led American forces in attacking Spanish fleets. It provides students an understanding as to how overtaking Philippines extended American influence and power over the Pacific Ocean, and marked the beginning of American imperialism. Next, the reading focuses on the Battle of San Juan Hill in Cuba. It mentions the difficulties American soldiers faced fighting in foreign land such as diseases from typhoid, dysentery and malaria. Most importantly, it emphasizes Theodore Roosevelt’s leadership presence in commanding a large volunteer force called the Rough Riders and veteran regiments of African Americans. Roosevelt’s involvement in the Spanish-American War elevated his status to national prominence as he was hailed as a national hero and later elected as president in 1901. Lastly, the reading focuses on the swift victories in Guam and Puerto Rico. It provides an explanation on how Guam was captured and how the United States fought against Spanish troops in Puerto Rico. There is also an emphasis on United States’ motivations in taking over territories in the Pacific and Caribbean. The reading concludes with the end of Spanish-American War and the Treaty of Paris with United States claiming ownership over Guam, Philippines and Puerto Rico.
Some vocabulary words and key terms included are U.S.S. Maine, President McKinley, Cuba, Spain, reconcentration camps, Congress, Cuban Revolution, Teller Amendment, Battle of Manila Bay, Philippines, Theodore Roosevelt, Pacific Ocean, Commodore George Dewey, imperialism, Spanish-American War, San Juan Hill, Rough Riders, Santiago Bay, U.S. Navy, Caribbean, Guam, General Nelson A. Miles, Puerto Rico, Silva Heights, Mayaguez and Treaty of Paris.
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