Bauhaus School Germany 1919-1933 Art History
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The preview has 20 actual slides from the presentation in pdf format. This is a complete powerpoint presentation of the Bauhaus School from 1919-1933. I also report what happened to the artists. Most of them fled from the Nazis to America.
There was one individual genius after another at the Bauhaus which made it an instant breeding ground for creativity. Perhaps, as importantly, each of these geniuses had a penchant towards discord in personal relationships. Thus, the Bauhaus quickly became used to constant discord in its ranks.
This provocation may have added fuel to the fire though, enhanced the creative flow rather than stifling it. Putting a conclave of artists together was never going to be a harmonious enterprise. Most have distinct anti social tendencies, which is necessary in order to get their work done.
"Life at the Bauhaus,” 1925 by Farkas Molnár: "The essential difference between the fancy-dress balls organized by the artists of Paris, Berlin, Moscow and the ones here at the Bauhaus is that our costumes are truly original. Everyone prepares his or her own. Never a one that has been seen before. Inhuman, or humanoid, but always new. You may see monstrously tall shapes stumbling about, colorful mechanical figures that yield not the slightest clue as to where the head is. Sweet girls inside a red cube. Here comes a witch and they are hoisted high up into the air; lights flash and scents are sprayed.”
Everyone was fiercely competitive about his and her costumes. Molnár wrote, “Kandinsky prefers to appear decked out as an antenna, Itten as an amorphous monster, Feininger as two right triangles, Moholy-Nagy as a segment transpierced by a cross, Gropius as Le Corbusier, Muche as an apostle of Mazdaznan, Klee as the song of the blue tree. A rather grotesque menagerie…"
The Bauhaus was founded in 1919 in Weimar, Germany by architect Walter Gropius.
Gropius’s Proclamation of the Bauhaus (1919) stated: reimagine the material world to reflect the unity of all the arts.
Bauhaus combined fine arts and design education.
The curriculum began with a course in the study of materials, color theory, and formal relationships. It was taught by Paul Klee, Vasily Kandinsky, and/or Josef Albers.
After learning theory, students entered specialized workshops, which included metalworking, cabinetmaking, weaving, pottery, typography, and wall painting.
In 1923, Gropius stressed the importance of designing for mass production. The school’s slogan became “Art into Industry.”
In 1925, the Bauhaus moved from Weimar to Dessau. Gropius designed a new state-of-the-art building to house the school.