Here’s another lesson in the Cryptomania! series—three sample pages from Greek and Latin for Cryptomaniacs, the student workbook I wrote to accompany my book Cryptomania! Teleporting into Greek and Latin with the Cryptokids. (Meets CCSS.)
These pages introduce prefixes and suffixes Knowing pre- = “before,” and suf- = “directly after” helps students remember that prefixes go before a root and suffixes go after. The official name is “affixes”—they are affixed to roots.
Students meet the prefixes sub-, anti-, non-, and inter- then use them to write English words based on underlined words. Example: Below standard = substandard.
On the Knotty Nots page, students work with the prefix in- (informal, incorrect), then find out that in- morphs to il-, im-, or ir- before certain consonants (illegible, immobile, irregular). On the suffix page, they work with -ical and –ism and find out which words ending with those suffixes are adjectives and which are nouns. They use –ical or –ism to turn roots into adjectives or nouns.
In Dig Deeper, students learn about interstate commerce and how US highways are labeled; discover that not all words that look as though they start with a prefix actually do—not all “in-” words mean “in” or “not” and do a test to check; meet words that have the suffix “-ize,” then look for more examples, like pulverize.
After this lesson, your students can start digging for and collecting other affixes.