This lesson consists of two pages of biographical information about conservationist, John Muir. For years John Muir explored mountains, forests, and glaciers, while keeping a journal of his thoughts and observations. From his notes, he wrote newspaper and magazine articles, and also ten books in which he called for the protection of natural environments and natural resources. His influence on two U.S. Presidents and the U.S. Congress led to the establishment of Yosemite National Park, Mount Rainier National Park, Grand Canyon National Park and many others. The information on John Muir’s life is followed by fourteen multiple choice questions for your students to answer. Reading comprehension skills developed are recognizing author’s purpose, identifying writing genre, making inferences, drawing conclusions, locating details, and sequencing events. Vocabulary words taught are biography, genre, journal, wilderness, environment, conserve, conservationist, glaciers, Isthmus of Panama, spare, Congress, federal, founded, image, graze, and carriage. The lesson includes two public domain photographs. One photo is of John Muir with President Theodore Roosevelt and the other is of California’s state quarter, which has images of John Muir and the Yosemite Valley on it. The fifth page is the answer key.
This lesson can serve as part of your Biographies Unit, as a Reading Lesson for Vocabulary and Comprehension Skill Development, as a Social Studies Lesson on the Environment and Natural Resources, for use as an Earth Day Activity, for a study of National Parks, and for a multitude of other purposes.