This challenging macromolecules quiz assesses student knowledge of the four key biological macromolecules: carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids, and proteins.
It encompasses the following PA State Standards as related to the Keystone Biology Exam:
Standard: 3.1.B.A.2: Identify the initial reactants, final products, and general purposes of photosynthesis and cellular respiration. Explain the important role of ATP in cell metabolism. Describe the relationships between photosynthesis and cellular respiration in photosynthetic organisms. Explain why many biological macromolecules such as ATP and lipids contain high-energy bonds. Explain the importance of enzymes as catalysts in cell reactions. Identify how factors such as pH and temperature may affect enzyme function.
Anchor: BIO.A.2.2: Describe and interpret relationships between structure and function at various levels of biochemical organization (i.e., atoms, molecules, and macromolecules).
Eligible Content: BIO.A.2.2.3: Compare and contrast the structure and function of carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids in organisms.
Big Idea: Life emerges due to the chemical organization of matter into cells.
Essential Question: How does life results from chemical structure and function?
Cells are composed mostly of C, H, N, O, P, and S
Carbon rings and chains form the backbone of all biological molecules.
Many biological molecules are polymers made from monomers that contain croon chemical bound with other elements.
Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids are the chemical foundations for life.
Molecular structure is related to function.