the student will be able to analyze the levels of organization in biological systems and relate the levels to each other and to the whole system.
interpret relationships, including predation, parasitism, commensalism, mutualism, and competition among organisms;
: compare variations and adaptations of organisms in different ecosystems;
: analyze the flow of matter and energy through trophic levels using various models, including food chains, food webs, and ecological pyramids;
: recognize that long-term survival of species is dependent on changing resource bases that are limited;
: describe the flow of matter through the carbon and nitrogen cycles and explain the consequences of disrupting these cycles; and
: describe how environmental change can impact ecosystem stability.