the student will be able to investigate and explain cellular processes, including homeostasis, energy conversions, transport of molecules, and synthesis of new molecules; and
: compare the structures of viruses to cells, describe viral reproduction, and describe the role of viruses in causing diseases such as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and influenza.
describe the stages of the cell cycle, including deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) replication and mitosis, and the importance of the cell cycle to the growth of organisms;
: examine specialized cells, including roots, stems, and leaves of plants; and animal cells such as blood, muscle, and epithelium;
: recognize that disruptions of the cell cycle lead to diseases such as cancer.
describe how techniques such as DNA fingerprinting, genetic modifications, and chromosomal analysis are used to study the genomes of organisms.
analyze and evaluate how evidence of common ancestry among groups is provided by the fossil record, biogeography, and homologies, including anatomical, molecular, and developmental;
: analyze and evaluate the relationship of natural selection to adaptation and to the development of diversity in and among species;
categorize organisms using a hierarchical classification system based on similarities and differences shared among groups; and
: compare characteristics of taxonomic groups, including archaea, bacteria, protists, fungi, plants, and animals.
interpret relationships, including predation, parasitism, commensalism, mutualism, and competition among organisms;
: analyze the flow of matter and energy through trophic levels using various models, including food chains, food webs, and ecological pyramids;
: describe the flow of matter through the carbon and nitrogen cycles and explain the consequences of disrupting these cycles; and
: describe how environmental change can impact ecosystem stability.