the student will be able to investigate and explain cellular processes, including homeostasis, energy conversions, transport of molecules, and synthesis of new molecules; and
: compare the structures of viruses to cells, describe viral reproduction, and describe the role of viruses in causing diseases such as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and influenza.
describe the roles of DNA, ribonucleic acid (RNA), and environmental factors in cell differentiation
identify components of DNA, and describe how information for specifying the traits of an organism is carried in the DNA;
: explain the purpose and process of transcription and translation using models of DNA and RNA;
: recognize that gene expression is a regulated process;
: identify and illustrate changes in DNA and evaluate the significance of these changes;
: describe how techniques such as DNA fingerprinting, genetic modifications, and chromosomal analysis are used to study the genomes of organisms.