Biomes & Ecosystems Vocabulary

Biomes & Ecosystems Vocabulary
Biomes & Ecosystems Vocabulary
Biomes & Ecosystems Vocabulary
Biomes & Ecosystems Vocabulary
Biomes & Ecosystems Vocabulary
Biomes & Ecosystems Vocabulary
Biomes & Ecosystems Vocabulary
Biomes & Ecosystems Vocabulary
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5 MB|4 pages
Product Description
This FREE resource was made to help students learn vocabulary terms for a Biomes & Ecosystems Unit.

The terms and definitions within this product are as follows:

Adenine Triphosphate (ATP) – energy stored that powers may of the chemical reactions in a cell Biodiversity – number and variety of species that are present in an area
Biome – region of Earth where climate determines the types of plants that live there
Carbon Cycle – the movement of carbon through and between organisms and the physical
Carnivore – consumer that only eats other animals
Carrying Capacity – the maximum number of individuals of one species that the environment can
Cellular Respiration – process of breaking down food to produce ATP
Chlorophyll – a green pigment in chloroplasts that capture energy from sunlight
Chloroplast – an organelle in plants where photosynthesis takes place
Competition – when two or more individuals or populations try to use the same limited resource Consumer – many living things that consume other living things to get food
Cooperation – when individuals work together
Decomposer – fungi and many bacteria that break down dead organisms or the wastes of other
Ecosystem – community of living organisms and their nonliving environment
Emigration – when individuals leave a population
Energy Pyramid – tool that can be used to trace the flow of energy through an ecosystem Estuary – partially enclosed body of water formed where a river flows into an ocean Eutrophication – process in which organic matter and nutrients slowly build up in a body of water Food Chain – path of energy transfer from producers to consumers
Food Web – shows the feeding relationship among many different organisms
Habitat – place where an organism lives within an ecosystem
Herbivore – consumer that eats only plants
Immigration – when individuals join a population
Limiting Factor – a part of the environment that keeps a population’s size at a level below its full
Microhabitats – the smallest habitats
Niche – position or role a species has in an ecosystem
Nitrogen Cycle – movement of nitrogen between the environment and living things
Nitrogen Fixation – process where nitrogen gas changes into forms that plants can use Omnivore – consumer that eats both plants and animals
Photosynthesis – process where plants use energy from sunlight, carbon dioxide, and water to
make sugars
Pioneer Species – the first organisms to live in an uninhabited area
Producer – also called autotroph, plants and many single-celled organisms that make their own food,
often using energy from the sun
Scavenger – consumer that feeds on dead organisms
Succession – slow development or replacement of an ecological community over time Wetland – area of land that is saturated with water for at least part of the year
Total Pages
4 pages
Answer Key
Does not apply
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