Teaching the cognitive action verbs associated with the Bloom's Taxonomy is a great place to start with ESL students of any level. Often overlooked in a typical ESL classroom, these verbs are found on the Tier Two (academic vocabulary) list and thus must be explicitly taught in order for the ESL students to learn and apply them.
Once ESL students understand the different types of thinking required by each of the six levels of Bloom's, they can begin to create deeper questions that will trigger open-ended discussions. These discussions in turn will require the students to generate ideas expressed by a wider lexicon than a worksheet, for example, would require.
As an added bonus, students can experience the increased cognitive rigor required by each step of Bloom's by completing the "Bloom's on a Stick" activity attached to this chart. Teachers need only to provide copies of the activity and candy lollipops, and the fun will begin!
*Note: These verbs have been especially curated for English language learners in terms of variety and usefulness in middle, secondary, and higher education environments.