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Our World, One Story at a Time designs literary fiction and nonfiction to present high-interest reading for secondary students. This passage, literary nonfiction, is written for students in ninth-through-tenth grades. Its SAT vocabulary is for tenth grade.
· anticipatory set
· embedded SAT and additional vocabulary with parts of speech and definitions
· reading assignment with comprehension quiz (key included)
· four vocabulary review strategies and activities
· vocabulary quiz (key included)
· writing assignment based on Bloom’s Taxonomy (rubric included)
Resource Theme: How We Perceive Our World
This series of lessons and activities provides students with an opportunity to develop skills essential for future academic success. Its theme is based on how each individual perceives our world in a different manner. The reading passage is written with carefully selected word choices, subtle descriptions, well-documented historical facts, and age-appropriate content. Its setting is medieval Europe during the time of the Black Death and the Hussite Wars. Whether used in language arts or social studies classes, your students will enjoy learning more about Bohemia’s Church of Bones.
ELA Common Core Alignment
Cite strong and thorough textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text.
Determine a theme or central idea of a text and analyze in detail its development over the course of the text, including how it emerges and is shaped and refined by specific details; provide an objective summary of the text.
Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in the text, including figurative and connotative meanings; analyze the cumulative impact of specific word choices on meaning and tone (e.g., how the language evokes a sense of time and place; how it sets a formal or informal tone).
By the end of grade 9, read and comprehend literary nonfiction in the grades 9-10 text complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at the high end of the range. By the end of grade 10, read and comprehend literary nonfiction at the high end of the grades 9-10 text complexity band independently and proficiently.
Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.
Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.
Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases based on grades 9-10 reading and content, choosing flexibly from a range of strategies.
Acquire and use accurately general academic and domain-specific words and phrases, sufficient for reading, writing, speaking, and listening at the college and career readiness level; demonstrate independence in gathering vocabulary knowledge when considering a word or phrase important to comprehension or expression.
Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, well-chosen details, and well-structured event sequences.
Social Studies Common Core Alignment
By the end of grade 10, read and comprehend history/social studies texts in the grades 9-10 text complexity band independently and proficiently.
This language arts product is designed to be taught over a six-day period. The time suggested for teaching each component varies from fifteen minutes to one hour. None of the lessons require the instructor to have advanced knowledge of the topic, and all are easy to teach. However, it is advisable to look through the lessons before presenting them to students so that if questions arise, you will be prepared to answer them. This series of lessons provides an excellent opportunity for assigning additional research projects and/or creative writing assignments.
Although mysteries lurk all around us, possibly the most complex enigma is the ability of the human mind to create thought. In his book, The Human Brain, author John Pfeiffer reveals that this three-pound organ is capable of holding more facts, information, and impressions than are found in all the nine-million volumes held in the Library of Congress. In truth, scientists have only limited understanding of the complicated process that allows an individual to formulate new thoughts. Neither can they explain why each person’s perception of reality is so different from that of others.
Like an artist creating his masterpiece, Rint began the arduous undertaking of using the non-articulated bones to form art. Joining together the individual bones of the human body, he shaped Baroque candelabras, elaborate chalices, skull candleholders, and other sacred vessels used in worship services. In addition, at each of the four corners of the subterranean room, he constructed pyramids formed from stacks of human skulls. In the center of the charnel house, he created an elegant chandelier. The light fixture was made from every bone in the human body. He embellished it with bone chains sweeping from each corner of the crypt to its center, much like one decorates a hall for a celebration.
As for the murder of Julius Caesar, only Brutus himself knew the real reason he betrayed his friend. His decision, much like Rint's determination to display the remains of those warriors killed in the Hussite Wars and the victims of the Black Death as artwork, leaves us wondering about the strange thoughts that dwell inside each human’s heart.
If your students find this series of lessons effective, please check out the additional resources in Our World, One Story at a Time.