This is a reading comprehension about brain drain. It targets two important skills:
1. kimming: reading for the main ideas.
2. scanning: reading for specific details.
This material is systematic and follows the three steps of effective and active reading:
a. pre-reading: the teacher could use the pictures and the title to stimulate the learners' thinking.
b. while-reading: the learners would answer some wh-questions and do some gap filling.
c. post-reading: the learners would try to suggest some solutions to this phenomenon. This reading material is a good start to discuss brain drain around the world and then move to discuss it the learners' context (relating it to their experience).