It's not an essay test. It's not fill in the blank. It's not exactly short answer. But it's more than just discussion questions.
It was my first year of teaching. I wanted students to think without having to assign full-blown essays, so I came up with basically 13 essay questions that asked them to not quite write essays. In fact, my method was just to have them write the entire class period.
The point is that I spent quite some time coming up with the questions. You can format the answers any way you like, as in turn them into essay options or shave them down to short answers. If you're getting to the end of the novel and aren't sure how to assess students, what to use as review, or how to differentiate when they all fail the big multiple choice test, this is a viable option. In an advanced class, it's a dozen homework assignments.
Here's a sample questions to show the type of questions in the download: In Brave New World, Huxley presents his view of a Utopian society. Huxley wrote his social criticism, Brave New World, in 1932. Following World War I, many other British writers looked toward renewed social change. This book was a satire of those views. List the faults you see in his portrayal, and then explain the problems with these faults.